Salemi. Arabic city.
The historic center is characterized by a pattern of planting Arabic, with dead ends very articulated, leading to increasingly segregated courtyards and staircases on steep precipices. The town, damaged by an earthquake in 1968, has all but disintegrated in the central area was abandoned because of the few restoration and a political choice and urban decentralization of new settlements in the area of “Cappuccino”. The structure, however, maintains the orthogonality of the monumental complex of the Jesuit College and a dense corollary of churches and aristocratic mansions.
Situated in an elevated position, overlooking the Castle, built or at least altered by Frederick II of Swabia in the thirteenth century, based on ancient greek-roman fortress then used by the Arabs and the Normans, trapezoidal with three towers, two square and a circular.
Belice earthquake of 1968 have reduced to an imposing ruin, partially recovered, with a plan of action Portuguese architect Alvaro Siza. The remains of the “Madrice” in front of the square Alicia arouse hour special attraction on the same square is the magnificent castle.
During the international conference called “Squares of Europe, squares for Europe”, the square Alicia was included among the 60 good examples of implementation, planning and urban redevelopment in the world.