Marsala. Archeology, nature and gastronomy.

Is one of the main  centers of Sicily for the historic, architectural and landscape.

Home of the homonymous  wine DOC, obtained after years of aging in oak barrels: do not miss a  visit to the historic wine cellars that have made Sicilian wines famous  all over the world, like Florio, Donnafugata and Pellegrino.

The small town was  founded on the head that bears the ancient name of the city, Lilybeum,  Lily, water and Beo, Evia, pre-Phoenician inhabitants. It is thought that  Marsala was founded in 397 BC by Phoenicians fled Mozia  after defeat by Syracuse.
The present name derives  from Marsah El Ali, Ali port (or Allah), God then, reflecting its  importance as a seaside town. And it is tied to its  port which is one of the most significant events in its history: the  landing of a Thousand in Sicily, led by Garibaldi.

The hot sun reflected on  the sea, the wind is channeled in the alleys of the old buildings, palm trees, the fish market, always crowded, often gets the impression of  being in an African city, far from Europe.
During Easter the city  comes alive with the Holy Thursday procession, which retraces the steps  of the cross streets of the center (main characters are men and women  who embody the characters). The evening takes place  then the sacred representation of the Crucifixion and Resurrection.

The ancient Porta  Garibaldi leads into the old town, museums, Spanish buildings, churches  and artwork.
The heart beats around  the city in Piazza della Repubblica (or Piazza Loggia), bounded by  Cathedral and Palazzo VII Aprile, now the City Council of the sixteenth  century and so called after 1860, in memory of the popular insurrection  against the Bourbons. The square is on course  XI May, Decuman ancient Roman city, flanked by eighteenth century  buildings. To the north is the  church of the College of 600.

The Cathedral (Cathedral  Church or “Madrice”), built in the Norman period, but rebuilt in 700, is  dedicated to St. Thomas of Canterbury and holds numerous sculptures of  the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and numerous paintings of the  seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, as well as a treasure with gold and  silver objects are not exposed to the public.
The church has an  imposing façade embellished with statues and tufa developed on two  levels: the bottom is mannerist-baroque, the top is a later period.

In a nineteenth-century  building adjoining the Cathedral Church and one of its kind in Sicily,  houses the Museum of Flemish tapestries of 500. They depict moments in  Jewish-Roman War (66-67 AD) fought by Vespasian and his son Titus to  conquer Jerusalem. The bright colors and  rich compositional range beyond that to the central subject, even at  high edges decorated with flowers, fruit and allegorical figures.

Baglio Anselmi  Archeological Museum – Housed in an old wine factory, designed by  Basile, the museum houses the remains of a Punic ship (third century  BC.) Recovered in 1969 near Mozia. It ‘s probably a  “liburna, fast warship 35 m long, which is supposed to be sunk at the  end of the First Punic War, the Battle of Egadi (241 to AD). Analysis of the structure made it possible to determine the construction technique of the  Phoenicians, which involved the use of prefabricated parts marked with  letters.
Incredible is the alloy  with which they were made the nails that held the planks together: after  more than 2000 years at sea no trace of oxidation. The museum also contains  significant artifacts that tell the history of Marsala and the  surrounding area from prehistoric times to the Middle Ages. Particularly interesting  are the windows dedicated to Mozia and some finely crafted jewelry  Hellenistic seers widening of Cape stu Boeo.

Insula of Cape Boeo – At  the end of streets Vittorio Emanuele, on the head. The remains of three  Roman islets. One was almost entirely  occupied by a large villa of the imperial period (third century. AD)  with private baths. A distinction is still  some of the mosaics that decorated the floors and suspensoria, the  pillars, taking the raised floor, allowed the movement of hot air. The area was bounded by  roads paved with white stone of Trapani. Just beyond stands the  Church of St. John outside the walls  that enclose the legendary cave of the Sibyl Lilibe.